WLTP.

More realistic consumption values to boost transparency.

The most important new features


WLTP - the new consumption and emissions test method.

From 1 September 2017, the WLTP represents a newly introduced consumption and emissions test method intended to provide test results that are closer to real vehicle operation than previously used NEDC tests. As a rule, measured values will be higher as a result of the new cycle.

The most important new features


WLTP - the new consumption and emissions test method.

From 1 September 2017, the WLTP represents a newly introduced consumption and emissions test method intended to provide test results that are closer to real vehicle operation than previously used NEDC tests. As a rule, measured values will be higher as a result of the new cycle.

The WLTP provides more accurate values.

The image shows the S-Class Saloon on the test stand: vehicle-specific consumption values are determined in three different driving cycles.

The WLTP provides more accurate values.

Customers benefit from the WLTP because they receive a more realistic, comparative benchmark for consumption and emission figures of different vehicle models.

Customers benefit from the WLTP because they receive a more realistic, comparative benchmark for consumption and emission figures of different vehicle models.

As the WLTP takes into account individual vehicle equipment, the values are more accurate than NEDC values. So to speak, they are vehicle-specific. As a result, the WLTP consumption values will be higher in most cases, but they will also be more realistic. Nothing will change in terms of the previous, everyday consumption values. The values will still be suitable for comparison across manufacturers and models. Mercedes-Benz is in favour of this new laboratory test (WLTP) as well as measurements on the road (RDE).

WLTP introduction


WLTP for all EU states.

WLTP introduction


WLTP for all EU states.

The WLTP will become mandatory throughout all EU member states and other states are verifying introduction at a later date.

The WLTP consumption and emission cycle will apply to all vehicles due for certification from September 2017 and from September 2018 it will apply to all vehicles due for registration. The WLTP will become mandatory throughout all EU member states and other states are verifying introduction at a later date. From September 2017, the WLTP (worldwide harmonized light-duty vehicle test procedure) will gradually be replacing the NEDC (new European driving cycle) and boost transparency.

    • From September 2017

      From September 2017

      All vehicle types (passenger cars) due for initial certification in terms of emissions are tested as per the WLTP. In parallel NEDC consumption values will continue to be determined and continue to be used as the legally required data in sales documents as well as all other publications.

      All new models due for launch are additionally tested in an on-road test, the so-called real driving emission test (RDE), as to whether Euro 6 limit values for nitrogen oxide and particulate quantities are exceeded while taking into account conformity factors.

    • From September 2018

      From September 2018

      The complete vehicle portfolio has been certified as per WLTP. New WLTP values are calculated individually for each vehicle and these values are anticipated to be included in sales documents and all other publications. Outgoing models are advertised with NEDC consumption.

      In parallel to the WLTP it has been confirmed for all new vehicles as part of an RDE test (while taking into account a conformity factor) that they do not exceed Euro 6 particulate emission limit values.

    • From September 2019

      From September 2019

      As part of an RDE test all newly certified vehicles are tested that Euro 6 nitrogen oxide limit values are not exceeded while taking into account a conformity factor.

    • End of 2020

      End of 2020

      By the end of 2020 WLTP and NEDC values will be determined for all vehicles. These values are documented in parallel in the vehicle documents as of the corresponding vehicle certification. From 2021 the determined WLTP measured values are the exclusive consumption and emission values for passenger cars. Used vehicles are not affected by this conversion. They will continue to feature certified NEDC values providing their initial registration date is before 31 August 2017.

    FAQs


    Do you have any more questions?

    Find answers to your questions on the WLTP.

    FAQs


    Do you have any more questions?

    Find answers to your questions on the WLTP.

    Mercedes-Benz gives answers to your questions on the WLTP: what will change and what will that mean to you as customers?
      • What is the WLTP?

        What is the WLTP?

        WLTP stands for "Worldwide Harmonized Light-duty Vehicle Test Procedure", and it represents a test method to determine vehicles' consumption and emission values on a chassis dynamometer. The WLTP has been gradually introduced since 1 September 2017 and it replaces the previous NEDC test method. Thanks to its dynamic configuration, the WLTP is significantly closer to actual driving characteristics than the previously used method.

        The WLTP is characterised by significantly higher accelerations and a much more dynamic driving profile. The top speed is raised to 131 km/h, and the average speed increases to 47 km/h.

        The driving time is extended by 10 minutes, the proportion of motorway journeys replicated on the dynamometer increases, and times when the vehicle is at standstill are shortened. The distance driven is more than doubled to 23 kilometres. Gearshift points are calculated in advance, specifically for each vehicle and drivetrain.

        In future, all optional extras influencing vehicle aerodynamics, rolling resistance or vehicle mass will be taken into account in the assessment. The power consumption of convenience functions will also lead to increased CO2 values. The air conditioning is the only exception in the first stage of the WLTP.

        The aim of the WLTP is to introduce a globally binding standard. In this context, EU countries are at the forefront. This helps when comparing the fuel consumption and the pollutant emissions of vehicles from different manufacturers. The standards also help authorities to verify compliance with statutory emission limits – from hydrocarbons (HC) to carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulates.

        Der WLTP ist ein Prüfverfahren, das Verbrauchs- und Abgaswerte eines Fahrzeugs auf einem Rollenprüfstand ermittelt.
      • What is the WLTC?

        What is the WLTC?

        The WLTP driving cycles are called WLTC – Worldwide Harmonized Light-duty Vehicles Test Cycles. Three different driving cycles have been developed for different vehicle types as part of the WLTP to take into account the particular power/weight ratio. The majority of passenger cars registered within the EU, with a power/weight ratio in excess of 34 kW/t (46 hp/t), are assigned to WLTC category 3.

        The test cycles for category 3 vehicles are made up of four parts – Low, Medium, High, Extra High. They simulate vehicle operation in urban and extra-urban environments as well as on dual carriageways and motorways.

      • What is NEDC?

        What is NEDC?

        NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) is the currently valid test cycle for passenger cars. The first European test cycle came into force in 1970, with the aim of providing customers with values that were comparable and reproducible across all manufacturers. In 1992 it was extended beyond urban traffic situations.

        At 34 km/h, the average speed of the NEDC is low, as are the acceleration specifications and the top speed of 120 km/h. The composition of the cycle no longer corresponds to the current average distribution of different route sections.

        Consequently the energy consumption of optional equipment and convenience functions, such as the air conditioning system, radio or seat heating, are not included in the measurement. This is paired with technological parameters that make deviations more likely. For instance, start/stop technology has a relatively high influence in NEDC as NEDC features a high proportion of times where the vehicle is not moving.

        In the case of vehicles with manual transmissions, no vehicle-specific parameters are taken into account when determining the gearshift points. This can result in large differences in consumption compared with actual operation. As a result of continuous technical progress, NEDC is no longer adequate and is now outdated.

      • What is RDE?

        What is RDE?

        RDE stands for "Real Driving Emissions" and represents an on-road test to verify pollutant emissions. It describes vehicles' emissions performance tested under real on-road conditions. Exhaust gas measurements for the purposes of type approval used to take place exclusively on dynamometers. Since March 2016 it has also been necessary to measure emissions within a defined framework during real driving.

        A PEMS (Portable Emissions Measurement System) device is used to determine nitrogen oxide (NOx) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. At a later point particulate emissions will also be determined. In this process, there is no defined cycle, and test drives as well as measurements are performed in real, everyday traffic situations in compliance with the Road Traffic Act. Vehicles are driven on public roads for between 90 and 120 minutes - one third each in urban, extra-urban and motorway environments.

        In urban environments, the envisaged average speed is between 15 and 30 km/h, while on motorways the speed is to be between 90 and a minimum of 110 km/h, but no faster than 145 km/h. The ambient temperature must be between 0 and 30°, and the air conditioning must be on. Test drives must not be performed at altitudes above 700 metres above sea level, and the difference in altitude must not exceed 100 metres.

        From September 2017, Euro 6 emissions limits must be complied with during RDE on-road tests. In the first step this applies to models to be newly certified from 1 September 2017 and to all models from 1 September 2019 at the latest.

        Requesting RDE results

        RDE results of Mercedes-Benz vehicles, determined by Mercedes-Benz as the manufacturer as well as by independent, officially certified, technical services, can be requested by using a contact form and quoting the PEMS Test Family of the particular Mercedes-Benz vehicle.

        The PEMS Test Family Number associated with the vehicle is available from the homepage of the European Automobile Manufacturers' Association (ACEA).

      • WLTP vs. NEDC: what will change?

        WLTP vs. NEDC: what will change?

        In contrast to NEDC, the WLTP driving cycle is ten minutes longer and includes only 13 percent of time where the vehicle is not moving. The entire cycle covers 23.5 kilometres – more than double the NEDC with 11 kilometres. It features higher average speeds of up to 131 km/h, exposes vehicles to higher fluctuations in speed, and is subject to significantly more stringent test specifications.

        Additionally, not merely the basic variant of a model is tested as was the case up to now, but additional equipment and optional extras are also taken into account. Gearshift points are calculated in advance, specifically for each vehicle and drivetrain. Manual vehicles benefit from this individual calculation compared with the firmly prescribed gearshift points under NEDC.

      • What will change for me as the customer?

        What will change for me as the customer?

        The introduction of the WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure) creates more transparency in terms of fuel consumption. Customers benefit from the WLTP because they receive a more realistic, comparative benchmark for consumption and emission figures of different vehicle models.

        However, CO2 and consumption values will also change as a result of different constraints: as a result of the process, a technically identical vehicle will produce numerically higher CO2 and consumption values than in the NEDC (New European Driving Cycle). This comes as a result of factors including the inclusion of optional extras and more stringent constraints in the new cycle.

        In future, customers will be able to determine the CO2 values of their vehicle model much more accurately based on the choice of optional extras. Mercedes-Benz will actively accompany the WLTP introduction phases and provide dealerships and customers with targeted information to guarantee clarity and maximum transparency.

        The data will also include a new type of equipment-specific indication: from the model with the lowest energy requirement to the version with the highest energy requirement. Numerically, this spread stretches from "WLTP Low" (minimum optional extras) to "WLTP High" (maximum optional extras).

        Kunden profitieren vom WLTP, weil er einen realistischeren Vergleichsmaßstab für die Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte verschiedener Fahrzeugmodelle liefert.